NASA has just announced that Nexus for Exoplanet System Science (NExSS) is in the running set up a foundation to provide future space and terrestrially-based observatories. The observatory will have the ability to evaluate the environment of an exo-planet investigated. The announcement was made in preparation for the 25th anniversary of the launch of the Hubble Telescope. NExSS requires the contribution ofall the scientists in the world regarding the biological interactions with the planet’s atmosphere, mountains, craters, land forms, and oceans.This study is required for more accurate and better searches on extraterrestrial life in the future of space expedition.
As per NASA these observatories will have the capabilities to evaluate the environments of exo-planets located far away from earth in order to look for any evidence of life.
The announcement came ahead of April 24 ceremonies that mark the 25th anniversary of the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope.
The initiatives by NExSS will tap the expertise of the Earth and planetary science communities. Also the multi-institute would also expertise solar physicists and astrophysicists in order to learn how biology interacts with planetary atmospheres, land forms, oceans and interiors.
This scientific interplay aims to help experts to improve a search for extraterrestrial life. The search for life on exo-planets has been largely limited to listening for broadcast signals from possible intelligent life in distant star systems.
Jim Green, NASA’s Director of Planetary Science, said, “This interdisciplinary endeavor connects top research teams and provides a synthesized approach in the search for planets with the greatest potential for signs of life”.
NASA’s Kepler space telescope launched in 2006 has also helped a lot in the search for planets. It so far has detected nearly 1,019 exo-planets, and more than 4,633 candidates discovered by the telescope are still waiting for the confirmation.
Findings made by Kepler suggest that such planets are in bulk among the billions of stars that populate the Milky Way. But still looking for a earth-like planet and analyzing their atmosphere still remains a technical challenge.
NExSS will be led by Natalie Batalha of NASA’s Ames Research Center, Dawn Gelino of the NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, and Anthony del Genio of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies.